November 2021

Distributed Energy Resource Interconnection and Microgrid

Issues, Challenges, and Mitigations

Please Note
This session runs over 8 half-days across 2 weeks. There is a 1-week gap between the first and second week.
Status: 15 seats available
Date: Tuesday, November 2, 2021 - Friday, November 19, 2021
Time: November 2–5, 2021 and November 16–19, 2021

12:45 PM–1:00 PM Pacific Time: Registration and Login
1:00 PM–5:00 PM Pacific Time: Webinar
Location: Webinar
Presenter: Dr. Mukesh Nagpal, P.Eng.
Principal Engineer/Manager, Protection and Control Planning Group
BC Hydro
Credit: Eligible for 32.0 CE Hour(s) of Technical Learning
Cost: Engineers and Geoscientists BC Registrant Early Bird Price: $1600.00 + GST = $1680.00 until Oct 19, 2021

Engineers and Geoscientists BC Registrant Regular Price: $1800.00 + GST = $1890.00

Non-Registrant Price: $1800.00 + GST = $1890.00

Student Price: $900.00 + GST = $945.00
Please Note:
  • Student Price is eligible for participants in Engineers and Geoscientists BC’s Student Program
  • If you are not an Engineers and Geoscientists BC registrant, and you do not already have an existing account, please proceed to creating a new account to create a profile before completing your event registration
  • For webinar sessions, the webinar login instructions will be made available 3 business days prior to the webinar date
  • A minimum number of registrations are needed by October 19, 2021 to proceed with this seminar. Please register early to avoid cancellation
  • All prices are subject to applicable taxes
Contact: Rachel Osterman | Professional Development Coordinator
Direct: 604.412.4897
Toll-Free 1.888.430.8035 ext. 4897
Email: [email protected]
Note: Please be aware that this session runs over 8 half-days across 2 weeks. There is a one-week gap between the first and second week.
International commitments to reduce carbon emissions, societal demands to arrest climate change, governmental incentives for clean energy, and rapidly dropping cost from technological advancements are some of the factors influencing the deployment of small sized generating stations utilizing renewable technologies. The penetration of run-of-the-river, solar, and wind generators is increasing at distribution and transmission voltages to meet electricity demand throughout the globe. Retiring large generating stations that are sources of greenhouse gas emissions are being replaced with many small solar and wind generators.

The new renewable generators are typically of small size, situated in dispersed locations and often in proximity of the consumers. Their large-scale penetration is rapidly altering the electric power system’s hierarchical architecture which has evolved in last century around large, centralized, and often remotely located synchronous generating stations.

DERs can be designed to operate in-parallel with as well as in-isolation from the utility grid. By being close to the consumers, they contribute to reduction in transmission losses and local substation capacity. A cluster of DERs and consumers that are connected together, but isolated from the utility grid, form a MicroGrid. A localized MicroGrid can improve local supply resiliency after loss of key transmission or distribution supply facility (or facilities) to adverse weather or after a natural disaster. It can keep lights on until the connection to the grid is re-established. Besides providing environmental, economic, power quality, and reliability benefits, DERs and MicroGrids provide positive societal benefits because they bring an electric supply to remote rural communities where grid connections are not geographically or economically viable.

This course is dedicated to exploring new challenges and opportunities introduced by the distributed energy resource (DER) interconnections to the existing utility network. The course will identify new transmission protection methodologies and new distribution protection philosophies permitting safe and reliable DER operations either in-parallel to utility grid or in MicroGrid mode.


The primary objectives of the course are as follows:

  • Expose participants to the new protection challenges from non-hierarchical electric system's architecture introduced by large scale penetration of DERs.
  • Identify protection challenges of MicroGrid and new methodologies to overcome them.
  • Identify potential risks of DER producing destructive resonant overvoltage and methods to prevent it from occurring.
  • Introduce participants to non-universal, low magnitude, non-inductive and only positive sequence current response of the renewable inverter resource to both balance and unbalance short circuits.
  • Expose participants to the new protection methodologies taking into dissimilarities between short circuit responses to conventional synchronous and renewable inverter resources.
  • Introduce participants to new grid codes necessary as foot print of renewable inverter resources are becoming dominant in overall utility resource mix.

Course Outline

  • Module 1: Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) and MicroGrids - Benefits and challenges
  • Module 2: Fault current characteristics of inverter resources
  • Module 3: MicroGrid protection with conventional resources
  • Module 4: MicroGrid protection with mix of conventional and inverter resources
  • Module 5: DER penetration in the distribution system - Protection challenges and mitigation
  • Module 6: DER penetration in the transmission system - Protection challenges and mitigation
  • Module 7: Impact of inverter resources on line protection systems
  • Module 8: New protection schemes and new grid codes to mitigate impact of inverter resources
  • Module 9: New challenges and mitigations of applying single-phase trip and reclose scheme with renewable resources


Dr. Mukesh Nagpal, P.Eng.

Principal Engineer/Manager, Protection and Control Planning Group, BC Hydro

Dr. Mukesh Nagpal is a Senior Member and Distinguished Lecturer of IEEE Power and Energy Society (PES), Adjunct Professor at University of British Columbia, a professional engineer in the Province of British Columbia, and Fellow of Canada Engineers. He is Chair of Working Group, “Impact of Inverter Based Resources on Utility Transmission System Protection”, sponsored by IEEE-PES Power System Relaying Committee.

He received the PhD and M.Sc. degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada. Currently, he is a Principal Engineer/Manager with the Protection and Control Planning Group within BC Hydro Engineering, Burnaby. He has more than 33 years of experience in electrical consulting, utility research and power system protection. Dr. Nagpal has written about 40 technical papers on power system relaying and contributed to several ANSI/IEEE sponsored standards or guides on relaying practices.

In 2016, Engineers and Geoscientists BC conferred Dr. Nagpal with its highest engineering honour, the R.A. McLachlan Memorial Award, for his exceptional leadership in developing practical and effective ways to connect renewables to the grid.

View the full listing of events sponsored and organized by other groups.
Contact Professional Development
Email: [email protected]
Phone: 604.430.8035
Toll-free: 1.888.430.8035
View our career listings or place an employment ad.
Presentations for Post-Secondary Students
Email: [email protected]
Phone: 604.412.4860
Presentations for High School Students
Email: [email protected]
Phone: 604.412.4892