Adaptation Decision-Making

These tools and resources aim to enable professionals to communicate the results of vulnerability risk assessments to decision makers so they may effectively incorporate climate change adaptation into decision making processes.   

The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

Adapting Infrastructure and Civil Engineering Practice to a Changing Climate

This report identifies that practicing engineers are faced with the dilemma of balancing future needs for engineered infrastructure with the risks posed by the effects of climate change on long-term engineering projects. This report explains the technical requirements of, civil engineering challenges to, and approaches to adaptation to a changing climate.

The ASCE 2015 Report on Adapting Infrastructure and Civil Engineering Practice to a Changing Climate

BC Ministry of Environment

Sea Level Rise Adaptation Primer

A Toolkit to Build Adaptive Capacity on Canada’s South Coasts

This primer aims to help coastal management authorities (mainly local governments) to identify and evaluate options for adapting to the impacts of sea level rise and associated hazards. It also provides an introduction to past and future sea levels, an overview of four different adaptation strategies, a recommended framework for decision making and adaptation tools.

BC Ministry of Environment 2013 Sea Level Rise Adaptation Primer

BC Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure, Nodelcorp Consulting Inc. and Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium

Developing Effective Dialogue between Practitioners of Climate Change Vulnerability-Risk Assessments

A Primer for Understanding Concepts, Principles and Language Use across Disciplines

This primer outlines concepts, principles and language terms used across disciplines that have led to communication issues on climate change vulnerability-risk assessment projects. It may help professionals communicate the risk associated with climate change to public infrastructure owners and to colleagues within their multi-stakeholder team.

2014 Primer for Understanding Concepts, Principles and Language Use Across Disciplines

Canadian Institute of Planners (CIP)

Climate Change Adaptation Planning

A Handbook for Small Canadian Communities

This handbook aims to help small Canadian communities prepare and implement a Climate Change Adaptation Plan. This guide may enable professionals to implement adaptive measures within small communities without “in house” planning resources

2011 Adaptation Planning Handbook

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working group II contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability

This report is one of the IPCC’s many resources. It addresses climate change impacts that have already occurred and risks of future impacts. Chapters 14-20 address a range of topics including adaptation planning and implementation, which may provide useful context for adaptation of public infrastructure in BC.

IPCC Working Group II 2014 Report 

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Addressing Climate Change within Disaster Risk Management

A Practical Guide for IDB Project Preparation

This guide addresses risks caused by climate variability and climate change and aims to provide guidance on options for addressing climate risks. This guide provides an overview of climate change risk assessment methodology and climate change hazards and introduces and evaluates climate change risk management options by hazard and sector.

IDB 2015 Guide

Local Governments for Sustainability Canada (ICLEI Canada)

Building Adaptive & Resilient Communities (BARC) Tool

The BARC Tool assists local governments with climate change adaptation planning. The tool is made up of a series of exercises designed to assist communities in adapting to the impacts of climate change and helps set up the fundamental building blocks of a significant municipal adaptation effort.


Changing Climate, Changing Communities: Guide and Workbook for Municipal Climate Adaptation

This guide is a compendium of resources that provide a milestone-based framework to assist local governments in the creation of adaptation plans to address the relevant climate change impacts associated with their communities. Each milestone represents a fundamental step in the adaptation planning process, starting with the initiation of adaptation efforts and culminating with a monitoring and review process.

ICLEI 2010 Guide and Workbook for Municipal Climate Adaptation


A Guidebook on Climate Scenarios

Using Climate Information to Guide Adaptation Research and Decisions

This guidebook can help decision-makers and others involved in climate change adaptation better understand climate information and its use. The first section categorizes climate information according to its use and level of complexity. The second section explores different ways in which climate information can be presented for use by planners, engineers, resource managers and others. The third section outlines key climate modelling concepts.

Ouranos 2014 Guidebook on Climate Scenarios


BC Water Balance Model

The Water Balance Model for BC is a decision support tool tailored to multiple levels of users that helps communities create neighborhoods that integrate both good planning and innovative engineering design. The climate change module simulates the effects of climate change on local drainage for ten stations in BC.

QUALHYMO BC Water Balance Model

Adaptation to Climate Change Team, Simon Fraser University

Paying for Urban Infrastructure Adaptation in Canada

An Analysis of Existing and Potential Economic Instruments for Local Governments

This report identifies and analyzes the applications and suitability of funding sources available to Canadian local governments for urban climate change adaptation, as well as innovative measures that may be implemented in the future. This report highlights internal sources for adaptation investments at the local level and external sources of revenue for infrastructure adaptation.

ACT 2015 Report on Paying for Urban Infrastructure Adaptation in Canada

Transport canada and natural resources canada

Climate Risks and Adaptation practices for the canadian transportation sector 2016

Co-led by Transport Canada and Natural Resources Canada, this report presents transportation decision-makers and practitioners, the current state of knowledge about climate risks to the Canadian transportation sector and provides them with information intended to support enhanced resilience to climate risks, while also serving as a knowledge foundation for future research.

Climate Risks and Adaptation Practices for the Canadian Transportation Sector 2016

US Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

Assessment of Key Gaps in the Integration of Climate Change Considerations into Transportation Engineering

This report reviews gaps in integrating climate change into transportation engineering and recommends a select set of gaps for further investigation in the remainder of the ongoing project

FHWA 2014 Gaps Report

West Coast Environmental Law

Preparing for Climate Change

An implementation Guide for Local Governments in British Columbia

This guide is designed to assist local government elected officials and staff to plan and act in ways that will make their communities more resilient to the impacts of climate change. By identifying emerging practices that may be modified to fit local circumstances, this guide aims to help local governments better understand the scope and nature of the challenge that a changing climate presents.

West Coast Environmental Law 2012 Implementation Guide