Vulnerability Risk Assessment

These resources introduce methods of conducting a vulnerability risk assessment and the tools provide a structured approach to completing the assessment.

Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME)  

Implementation Framework for Climate Change Adaptation Planning at a Watershed Scale

This implementation framework provides watershed managers with a structured process to identify and reduce climate vulnerability and risk, as well as build resiliency within the watershed.

CCME 2015 Implementation Framework 

City of Vancouver

Coastal Flood Risk Assessment: Final Report

  This study assessed the effects of the projected sea level rise combined with selected design events on the City of Vancouver’s floodplain in order to develop appropriate future management strategies for flood prone areas.


City of Vancouver 2014 Report 

Engineers Canada

Public Infrastructure Engineering Vulnerability Committee’s (PIEVC) Engineering Protocol

The PIEVC Engineering Protocol is a structured and documented process for engineers to assess infrastructure component responses to the impacts of climate change. The resulting observations, conclusions and recommendations provide a framework to support effective decision-making. The optional Triple Bottom Line (TBL) module allows the user to develop and assess potential solutions based on social, environmental, and economic criteria.  

Overview of the PIEVC Engineering Protocol 

Insurance Bureau of Canada (IBC)

Municipal Risk Assessment Tool (MRAT)

MRAT helps municipalities identify their greatest sewer and stormwater vulnerabilities so that they can fund, plan, and build according to the severity of these vulnerabilities. City engineers can use this tool to assess where sewer and stormwater infrastructure is vulnerable today, and where it will be vulnerable in the future.

IBC MRAT 

The German Federal Enterprise for International Cooperation (GIZ)

The Vulnerability Sourcebook

The Vulnerability Sourcebook aims to support efforts to substantiate and enhance adaptation and development planning. The sourcebook is of interest to institutions that are engaged in activities at the intersection of climate change and sustainable development.

GIZ 2014 Vulnerability Sourcebook 

US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Climate Resilience Evaluation and Awareness Tool (CREAT)

CREAT provides a framework for water utility owners to evaluate potential impacts of climate change and identify adaptation options to address impacts using both traditional risk assessment and scenario-based methods. For use in Canada, the user must input historical and projected climate data for their utility through the “user-defined” data set.

EPA CREAT 

US Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

Vulnerability Assessment Scoring Tool (VAST)

VAST is an indicator-based screening method for assessing vulnerability and provides a framework for collecting information about indicators of each vulnerability component and operationalizes that information into relative vulnerability scores.

FHWA VAST 

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